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BOOKS

  • Bugg-Levine, Antony and Jed Emerson. Impact Investing: Transforming How We Make Money While Making a Difference. Jossey-Bass, 2011.
  • Louche, Céline and Steve Lydenberg. Dilemmas in Responsible Investment. Greenleaf, 2011.
  • Remer, Sven and Olaf Weber. Social Banks and the Future of Sustainable Finance. Routledge, 2011.
  • Vandekerckhove, W., J. Leys, K. Alm, B.  Scholtens, S. Signori, H. Schäfer (eds). Responsible Investment in Times of Turmoil. Springer, 2011. 

education 

  • CASE I3 - Initiative on Impact Investing Fuqua School of Business, Duke University Cathy Clark
  • Beeck Center for Social Impact and Innovation Georgetown University Sonal Shah
  • Social Enterprise Initiative (SEI) at Harvard Harvard Business School, Harvard University Dutch Leonard, Michael Chu, Kash Rangan
  • Jacob Gray Institute for Business and Social Impact Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley Laura D’Andrea Tyson
  • Social Enterprise Initiative (SEI) at Booth Booth School of Business, University of Chicago Christina Hachikian
  • Impact Finance Center, Daniels College of Business, University of Denver, Dr. Stephanie Gripne
  • Wharton Social Impact Initiative (WSII) Wharton, University of Pennsylvania Katherine Klein,
  • James Lee Sorenson Center for Global Impact Investing (SGII) David Eccles School of Business, University of Utah Patrick Mullen

Nonprofit organizations 

PAPERS

  • 2007 Report on Socially Responsible Investing Trends in the United States, Social Investment Forum, 2008.
  • Abrams, Julie and Damian von Stauffenberg, Role Reversal: Are Public Development Institutions Crowding Out Private Investment in Microfinance?, MFInsights, February 2007.
  • Ambachtsheer, Jane, “2006 Fearless Forecast: What Do Investment Managers Think About Responsible Investment?”, Mercer Investment Consulting, 2006.
  • Ambachtsheer, Jane, “Socially Responsible Investing,” Benefits & Compensation International Volume 35, Number 1, July/August 2005.
  • Anderson, Miranda, and David Gardiner, Managing the Risks and Opportunities of Climate Change: a Practical Toolkit for Corporate Leaders, Boston, MA: CERES, 2006.
  • Akerlof, George A. and Robert J. Shiller, Animal Spirits: How Human Psychology Drives the Economy, and Why It Matters for Global Capitalism, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009.
  • Barber, B. and T. Odean, “Trading is Hazardous to Your Wealth: The Common Stock Investment Performance of Individual Investors,” Journal of Finance LV(2), 2000: 773-806.
  • Barber, B. and T. Odean, “Boys will be Boys: Gender, Overconfidence, and Common Stock Investment,” Quarterly Journal of Economics 116(1), 2001: 261-292.
  • Barberis, N. and R. Thaler,“A Survey of Behavioral Finance,” G. M. Constantinedes, M. Harris and R. Stulz. eds., North Holland Handbook of the Economics of Finance, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2003: 1052-1090.
  • Bayon, Ricardo, Amanda Hawn, and Katherine Hamilton, Voluntary Carbon Markets: An International Business Guide to What They Are and How They Work, 2nd ed., London: Earthscan, 2009.
  • Belsky, Gary and Thomas Gilovich, Why Smart People Make Big Money Mistakes And How To Correct Them: Lessons From The New Science Of Behavioral Economics, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1999.
  • Benartzi, S. and R. H. Thaler, “Myopic Loss Aversion and the Equity Premium Puzzle.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 110(1), 1995: 73-95.
  • Bernholz, Lucy and Lisa Richter, MRI and Community Foundations Report, New York: Ford Foundation, 2009.
  • Bernholz, Lucy and Lisa Richter, Equity Advancing Equity: How Community Philanthropy Can Build Racial and Social Equity through Mission Investing, Blueprint Research & Design and GPS Capital Partners LLC, September 2009.
  • Bishop, Matthew, “The Business of Giving,” The Economist, 25 February 2006.
  • Bishop, Matthew and Michael Green, Philanthrocapitalism: How the Rich Can Save the World, Bloomsbury Press, 2008.
  • Bolton, Margaret, Foundations and Social Investment: Making Money Work Harder, London: Esmée Fairbairn Foundation, October 2005.
  • Bruck, Connie, “Millions for Millions,” The New Yorker, 30 October 2006, 62-73.
  • Bugg-Levine, Antony, “Impact Investing Bold Models to Drive Development at Scale,” Beyond Profit Magazine, May/June 2009: 17-21.
  • “Building Tools for Effective Philanthropy,” Washington, DC: PRI Makers Network, June 17 2009.
  • Burns, Brody Weiser, “Program-Related Investments for Small Foundations,” Association of Small Foundations 2004 National Conference, Chicago: 16 October 2004.
  • CC14: Investment of Charitable Funds - Basic principles, Charity Commission Fiduciary Duty, 2004, 2008
  • Camerer, C., G. Loewenstein, et al, “Neuroeconomics: How Neuroscience Can Inform Economics.” Journal of Economic Literature 43(1), 2005: 9-64
  • Carlson, Neil, Assessing and Managing PRI Risk: Nothing Ventured, Nothing Gained, New York: GrantCraft Guides, 2008.
  • Chan, Margaret, “Address to 60th World Health Assembly,” World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland: 15 May 2007.
  • Clark, Catherine, William Rosenzweig, David Long, and Sara Olsen, Double Bottom Line Project Report: Assessing Social Impact in Double Bottom Line Ventures, The Rockefeller Foundation, 2004.
  • A Climate for Change: A Trustee’s Guide to Understanding and Addressing Climate Risk, The Carbon Trust, IIGCC and Mercer Investment Consulting, 2005.
  • Cogan, Douglas G., Corporate Governance and Climate Change: Making the
  • Connection, Investor Responsibility Research Center, Boston, MA: CERES,
  • 2006.
  • Cohen, Rick, “A Call for Mission-Based Investing by America’s Private Foundations,” National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy, September 2005.
  • Collins, Jim, and Jerry I. Porras, Built to Last: Successful Habits of Visionary Companies, New York: HarperBusiness Essentials, 2002.
  • Cooch, Sarah, Mark Kramer, Fi Cheng, Adeeb Mahmud, Ben Marx, and Matthew Rehrig, Compounding Impact: Mission Investing by U.S. Foundations, Boston, MA: FSG Social Impact Advisors, 2007.
  • Cooch, Sarah and Mark Kramer, Aggregating Impact: A Foundation’s Guide to U.S. Mission Investment Intermediaries, Boston, MA: FSG Social Impact Advisors, 2007.
  • “Creating Social Capital Markets for Fourth Sector Organizations: Opportunities and Challenges,” Google, New York: 14 June 2007.
  • Davis, Lee, Nicole Etchart, and Claire Costello, All in the Same Boat: an Introduction to Engaged Philanthropy, ed. Edith Goldenhar, Nonprofit Enterprise and Self-Sustainability Team, 2005.
  • Deringer, Freshfields Bruckhaus, “Legal Framework for the Integration of Environmental, Social and Governance Issues into Institutional Investment,” UNEP Financial Initiative, 2005.
  • Deutsch, Claudia H., “Study Says U.S. Companies Lag on Global Warming,” The New York Times, 22 March 2006.
  • Dietel, William M., Mission Stewardship: Aligning Programs, Investments, and Administration to Achieve Impact, New York: The F.B. Heron Foundation, 2007.
  • Dunn, Brian, “Alternative Investment Opportunities Offering Financial Return and Social Impact,” August 2006, Aquillian Investments, San Francisco, CA: 2006.
  • Easton, Tom, “The Hidden Wealth of the Poor,” The Economist, 5 November 2005.
  • Edwards, Michael, Just Another Emperor? The Myths and Realities of Philanthrocapitalism, Demos/Young Foundation, 2008.
  • Elkington, John, and Pamela Hartigan, The Power of Unreasonable People: How Social Entrepreneurs Create Markets That Change the World, New York: Harvard Business School, 2008.
  • Emerson, Jed and Tim Little, with Jonas Kron, The Prudent Trustee: The Evolution of the Long-Term Investor, Generation Foundation and the Rose Foundation for Communities and the Environment, 2005.
  • Emerson, Jed and Joshua Spitzer, Blended Value Investing: Capital Opportunities for Social and Environmental Impact, World Economic Forum, 2006.
  • Emerson, Jed and Joshua Spitzer, From Fragmentation to Function: Critical Concepts and Writings on Social Capital Markets’ Structure, Operation and Innovation, Oxford: Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship, 2007.
  • Emerson, Jed, Joshua Spitzer and Jacob Harold, Blended Value Investing: Innovations in Real Estate, Oxford: Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship, 2007.
  • Emerson, Jed, Shari Berenbach and Timothy Freundlich, Where Money Meets Mission: Creating a Unified Investment Strategy, Calvert Foundation, 2007.
  • Environmental Impact, CERES, 2004.
  • Esposito, Virginia M., ed. et al, Splendid Legacy: The Guide to Creating Your Family Foundation, National Center for Family Philanthropy, 2002.
  • Fitzgerald, Niall and Mandy Cormack, The Role of Business in Society: an Agenda for Action, The Conference Board, Harvard University Kennedy School of Government, and the International Business Leaders Forum, 2007, 4-36.
  • Fleishman, Joel L., The Foundation: A Great American Secret; How Private Wealth is Changing the World, PublicAffairs, 2007.
  • Gary, Tracy, “Giving Families, Giving Communities,” National Marketing Action Team, 10 November 2004.
  • Giller, Chip, trans., “How Green is Your Cash?” Contribute New York, February-March 2007: 42-45.
  • Godeke, Steven, “Hybrid Transactions in the US Social Capital Market,” Alliance Magazine, September 2006.
  • Godecke, Steven, and Doug Bauer, Mission-Related Investing: Philanthropy’s New Passing Gear—A Policy and Implementation Guide for Foundation Trustees, Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors, 2008.
  • Goodman, Sandra and Michael Walker, Benchmarking Air Emissions of the 100 Largest Electric Power Producers in the United States, CERES, NRDC, PSEG, 2006.
  • Gore, Al, and David Blood, “For People and Planet,” The Wall Street Journal, 28 March 2006.
  • Gunther, Marc, “Global Warming Could Melt Your Portfolio,” Fortune, 21 March 2006.
  • Gunther, Marc, “Warren Buffet and Darfur,” Fortune, 20 April 2007.
  • Graham, Benjamin, The Intelligent Investor: The Classic Text on Value Investing, New York: Collins Business, 2005.
  • “The Growing Interest in Environmental Issues is Important to Both Socially Responsible and Fundamental Investors,” Goldman Sachs Global Strategy Research, August 2005.
  • Haboucha, Farha-Joyce, Focus on Climate Change, Socially Responsive Investing, Rockefeller & Co., Inc., 15 December 2006.
  • Hagerman, Lisa A., Gordon L. Clark and Tessa Hebb, Massachusetts Pension Reserves Investment Management Board: Urban Investing through a Transparent Selection Process, Labor & Worklife Program, Harvard Law School, August 2007.
  • Hammond, Allen L., William J. Kramer, Robert S. Katz, Julia T. Tran, and Courtland Walker, The Next 4 Billion: Market Size and Business Strategy at the Base of the Pyramid, New York: World Resources Institute and International Finance Corporation/World Bank Group, 2007.
  • Handbook on Responsible Investment Across Asset Classes, Institute for Responsible Investment Boston College Center for Corporate Citizenship, 2007.
  • Hawken, Paul. Ecology of Commerce: A Declaration of Sustainability, New York: Collins Business, 2005.
  • Hawken, Paul, Socially Responsible Investing, The Natural Capital Institute, 2004.
  • Hawken, Paul, Amory Lovins and Hunter L. Lovins, Natural Capitalism: Creating the Next Industrial Revolution, New York: Back Bay Books, 2000.
  • Hawken, Paul, “Socially Responsible Investment,” The Natural Capital Institute, October 2004.
  • Heller, Jonathan A.G., “Dissecting the Benefits of Socially Responsible Investing,” Family Office Forum, June 2007.
  • High Net Worth Individuals & Sustainable Investment, report by Eurosif, 2008.
  • Hua, Thao, “Hey, Is It Hot in Here?,” Pensions & Investments, 1 May 2006.
  • Humphreys, Joshua, The Mission in the Marketplace: How Responsible Investing Can Strengthen the Fiduciary Oversight of Foundation Endowments and Enhance Philanthropic Missions, Washington, D.C.: Social Investment Forum Foundation, 2007.
  • Humphreys, Josh, comp. “The Social Responsiveness of Philanthropic Foundations: Long-Term Perspectives,” The Rockefeller University, 2007.
  • “Introduction to Social Investing,” Best Practices for Foundations, Foundation Partnership for Corporate Responsibility, 6 June 2006.
  • Investing for Impact: Case Studies Across Asset Classes, Parthenon Group and Bridges Ventures, 2009.
  • “Investing in One World,” Microvest, 2005.
  • IRI Working Paper. Investment Beliefs Statements. October 30, 2011 (Revised). Initiative for Responsible Investment. 
  • Johnson, Kyle, Social Investing 2007, Cambridge Associates LLC, 2007.
  • Kahneman, D., “Maps of Bounded Rationality: A Perspective On Intuitive Judgment And Choice,” Nobel Prize Lecture, 2003
  • Kahneman, D., “A perspective on judgment and choice: Mapping bounded rationality,” American Psychologist 58(9), 2003: 697-720.
  • Kahneman, D., “A psychological perspective on economics,” The American Economic Review 93(2), 2003: 162-168.
  • Kahneman, D., J. L. Knetsch, et al, “Anomalies: The Endowment Effect, Loss Aversion, and Status Quo Bias,” The Journal of Economic Perspectives 5(1), 1991: 193-206
  • Kahneman, D. and A. Tversky, “Prospect Theory: An analysis of Decision Under Risk,” Econometrica 47(2), 1979: 263-291
  • Kahneman, M., P. Slovic, et al., eds, Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases, New York, Cambridge University Press, 1982
  • Kiernan, Matthew J., Investing in a Sustainable World: Why GREEN Is the New Color of Money on Wall Street, New York: AMACOM / American Management Association, 2009.
  • Kinder, Peter, “The Virtue of Consistency: The Gates Foundation & Mission-Related Investing,” KLD Blog, 28 June 2007.
  • Kramer, Mark and Sarah Cooch, Investing for Impact, Boston, MA: FSG Social Impact
  • Advisors, 2006.
  • Krauss, Nicolas and Ingo Walter, Can Microfinance Reduce Portfolio Volatility? New York: New York University Stern School of Business, 2008.
  • Krosinsky, Cary and Nick Robbins (eds.), Sustainable Investing: The Art of Long Term Performance, Earthscan Ltd., 2008.
  • La Franchi, Debbie and Belden Daniels, State of the Industry: Double Bottom Line Funds, Economic Innovation International, Inc., Los Angeles, CA, 2006.
  • Lash, Jonathan and Fred Wellington, “Competitive Advantage on a Warming Planet,” Harvard Business Review, March 2007, 3-13.
  • LaVoie, Valerie and David Wood, Handbook on Climate-Related Investing Across Asset Classes, Institute for Responsible Investment at the Boston College Center for Corporate Citizenship, 2009.
  • Learning for Social Impact, workshop by McKinsey & Co. and Foundation Center
  • A Legal Framework for the Integration of Environmental, Social and Governance Issues into Institutional Investment, Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer and UNEP Finance Initiative, 2005.
  • Lewis, Jonathan C. and Robert A. Wexler, Mission Investing in Microfinance: A Program Related Investment (PRI) Primer and Toolkit, Microcredit Enterprises, July 2007.
  • Lipman, Harvey, “Meshing Proxy with Mission: Few Foundations Do Much to Influence Shareholder Votes,” Chronicle of Philanthropy, 4 May 2006.
  • Lufkin, Elise, Mission-Related Investing for Foundations and Non-Profit Organizations: Practical Tools for Mission/Investment Integration, Boston: Trillium Asset Management, 2007.
  • Lydenberg, Steven D., “Envisioning Socially Responsible Investing,” Domini Social Investments, 2002.
  • “Mainstreaming Responsible Investment,” World Economic Forum, Geneva, 2005.
  • Makower, Joel. State of Green Business 2009, report by Greener World Media, 2009.
  • The Materiality of Social, Environmental and Corporate Governance Issues to Equity Pricing, UNEP Finance Initiative, Asset Management Working Group, June 2004.
  • McDonough, William, and Michael Braungart. Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things, New York: North Point, 2002.
  • McGray, Douglas, “Network Philanthropy,” The Los Angeles Times, 21 January 2007.
  • “Measuring Social Impact: The Foundation of Social Return on Investment,” London Business School and the New Economics Foundation, 2006.
  • Mendonca, Lenny T. and Jeremy Oppenheim, “Investing in Sustainability: An Interview with Al Gore and David Blood,” The McKinsey Quarterly, May 2007.
  • Microfinance Banana Skins 2008: Risk in a Booming Industry, Centre for the Study of Financial Innovation, 2008.
  • Miller, Clara, “The Looking-Glass World of Nonprofit Money: Managing in For-Profits’ Shadow Universe,” The Nonprofit Quarterly, Spring 2005.
  • Mission in the Marketplace: How Responsible Investing Can Strengthen the Fiduciary Oversight of Foundation Endowments and Enhance Philanthropic Missions, The Social Investment Forum Foundation, 2009.
  • Mission-Related Investing: Philanthropy’s New Passing Gear—A Policy and Implementation Guide for Foundation Trustees, Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors, 2008.
  • Montier, James, Behavioural Investing: A Practitioners Guide to Applying Behavioural Finance, Wiley, 2007.
  • Moore, Geoffrey, Crossing the Chasm, New York: Collins Business, 2002.
  • New Journey: Aligning Investment with Mission at the Northwest Area Foundation, Northwest Area Foundation, undated brochure.
  • Nocera, Joe, “Poking Holes in a Theory on Markets,” The New York Times, June 6, 2009.
  • Olsen, Sara and Woody Tasch, “Mission-Related Investing: A Workshop for Foundations,” Investors Circle Foundation, 2003.
  • Orlitzky, Marc, Frank L. Schmidt, and Sara L. Rynes, Corporate Social and Financial Performance: A Meta Analysis, Washington, D.C.: Social Investment Forum Foundation, 2004.
  • Passoff, Michael, Proxy Preview 2009: Helping Foundations Align Mission and Investment, As You Sow, San Francisco, 2009.
  • Penna, Robert M. and William J. Phillips, Outcome Frameworks: An Overview for Practitioners, Fort Orange Press, 2005.
  • Pension Programme SRI Toolkit, EuroSIF, 2004.
  • Piller, Charles, “Foundations Align Investments with their Charitable Goals,” The Los Angeles Times, 29 December 2007.
  • Pivo, Gary, Social and Environmental Metrics for US Real Estate Portfolios: Sources of Data and Aggregation Methods, University of Arizona Responsible Property Investing Center, Working Paper No. 08-1, June 2008.
  • Pollan, Michael, In Defense of Food: An Eater’s Manifesto, New York: Penguin, 2008.
  • Pollan, Michael, The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals, New York: Penguin, 2006.
  • Pompian, Michael, Behavioral Finance and Wealth Management: How to Build Optimal Portfolios That Account for Investor Biases, Wiley, 2006.
  • Price, Tom, Activists in the Boardroom: How Advocacy Groups Seek to Shape Corporate Behavior, Washington, D.C.: Foundation for Public Affairs, 2006.
  • PRIME: The Primer for the Responsible Investment Management of Endowments, toolkit by The European Foundation Centre, European Social Investment Forum and the Bellagio Forum for Sustainable Development, 2006
  • “Private Investment for Social Goals: Building the Blended Value Capital Market,” World Economic Forum, Geneva, Switzerland: 2005.
  • “Program-Related Investing: Skills & Strategies for New PRI Funders,” Grantcraft, 2006.
  • Proxy Season Preview: Helping Foundations Align Mission and Investment, Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors, New York, 2007.
  • Questions and Answers for Foundations on Proxy Voting, CERES, 2006.
  • “Real Estate PRI Case Study: Hollywood Community Housing Corporation,” San Francisco, CA: Neighborhood Funders Group, 2007.
  • Robins, Nick, Robert Clover, and Charanjit Singh. A Climate for Recovery: The Colour of Stimulus Goes Green, report by HSBC Global Research, 2009.
  • Rosenberg, R. “Reflections on the Compartamos Initial Public Offering”, CGAP, June 2007.
  • Porter, Michael E. and Mark R. Kramer, “Philanthropy’s New Agenda: Creating Value,” Harvard Business Review, November–December 1999, 121-130.
  • Segerfeldt, Fredrik, Water for Sale, How Business and the Markets Can Resolve the World’s Water Crisis, Washington DC: The Cato Institute, 2005.
  • Senge, Peter, Bryan Smith, Nina Kruschwitz, Joe Laur, and Sara Schley, The Necessary Revolution: How Individuals and Organizations Are Working Together to Create a Sustainable World, New York: Doubleday, 2008.
  • Shefrin, Hersh, A Behavioral Approach to Asset Pricing, Burlington: Elsevier Inc, 2005.
  • Shefrin, Hersh, Beyond Greed and Fear, Understanding Behavioral Finance and the Psychology of Investing, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
  • Shefrin, H. and M. Statman, “The Disposition to Sell Winners Too Early and Ride Losers Too Long: Theory and Evidence,” Journal of Finance 40(3), 1985: 777-790
  • Shefrin, Hersh, Ending the Management Illusion: How to Drive Business Results Using the Principle of Behavioral Finance, New York: McGraw-Hill, 2008.
  • Shiller, Robert J., Irrational Exuberance, 2nd edition. New York: Broadway Business, 2006
  • “Social Purpose Capital Market: An Opportunity for the Canadian Charitable Sector,” Tides Canada Foundation, January 2007.
  • SROI Reports, The Roberts Enterprise Development Fund San Francisco, CA, 2000.
  • Stetson, Anne, and Mark Kramer. Risk, Return and Social Impact: Demystifying the Law of Mission Investing by U.S. Foundations, FSG Social Impact Advisors, October 2008.
  • Subrahmanyam, A. “Behavioral Finance: A Review and Synthesis.” European Financial Management 14(1), 2008: 12-29
  • Sustainable Consumption Facts and Trends, report by World Business Council for Sustainable Development, November 2008.
  • Swack, Micheal, Jack Northrup, and Janet Prince, Expanding Philanthropy: Mission-Related Investing at the F.B. Heron Foundation, Southern New Hampshire University, School of Community Economic Development, 2007.
  • Swensen, David F., Pioneering Portfolio Management: An Unconventional Approach to Institutional Investment, New York: Free Press, 2000.
  • Thaler, R. H., “Mental Accounting Matters,” Journal of Behavioral Decision Making 12, 1999: 183-206.
  • Thematic Research Highlights, Generation Investment Management, 2007.
  • A Toolkit for Foundations and Individual Investors: Harnessing Your Investments to Help Solve the Climate Crisis, CERES, Investor Network on Climate Risk and Environmental Grantmakers Association, 2008.
  • Tyrell, Mike and Meg Brown, Crossing the River and Interpreting Sustainable Development for Financial Markets, Citigroup Smith Barney, 2005.
  • Tyrell, Mike and Meg Brown, Crossing the River II, Citigroup Smith Barney, 2007.
  • U.K. Commission on Unclaimed Assets, The Social Investment Bank, 2007
  • Unlocking the Power of the Proxy: How Active Foundation Proxy Voting Can Protect Endowments and Boost Philanthropic Mission, As You Sow Foundation and Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors, 2004.
  • “The value of environmental, social and governance factors for foundation investments,” from EIRIS Foundation Charity Project, May 2009.
  • Vidal, David J., “Reward Trumps Risk: How Business Perspectives on Corporate Citizenship and Sustainability are Changing,” The Conference Board Executive Action Series 216th ser., 2006.
  • Viederman, S in C. Krosinsky and R. Robins, eds., “Sustainable Investing: The Art of Long Term Performance,” Earthscan, 2009.
  • Ward, Sally K. Ph.D., Charlie French, Ph.D. and Kelly Giraud, Ph.D., “Building Value and Security for Homeowners in Mobile Home Parks: A Report on Economic Outcomes,” The Carsey Institute at the University of New Hampshire, 2006.
  • Wilhelm, Ian, “Corporate Giving Rebounds,” The Chronicle of Philanthropy, August 2005.
  • Williams, Harold S., Arthur Y. Webb and William J. Phillips, Outcome Funding: A New Approach to Targeted Grantmaking, Rensselaerville Institute, 1996.
  • Wood, David and Belinda Hoff, Handbook on Responsible Investment Across Asset Classes, The Institute of Responsible Investing at the Boston College Center for Corporate Citizenship, 2007.
  • Yunus, Muhammad, Banker to the Poor: Micro-Lending and the Battle Against World Poverty, New York: PublicAffairs, 2003.
  • Yunus, Muhammad, Creating a World Without Poverty–Social Business and the Future of Capitalism, New York: PublicAffairs, 2008.
  • Zimet, Joseph, “US Philanthropy in the 21st Century: a Driving Force in the Landscape of Aid?” Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics, Tokyo, 29 May 2006.

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